Śląskie Studia Historyczno-Teologiczne, Vol. 45, z. 2 (2012), s. 288-302
One of the most important questions in feminist
theology is a problem of the social roles of women.
Among them there are two distinctive roles
– of a mother and of a virgin. Elizabeth Johnson,
as a feminist theologian, also considers these questions
and proposes the following interpretation.
Maternity is seen by Johnson as an experience
of happiness, suffering and also as a source
of women’s strength. Johnson protests against
the stereotypical thinking of a mother as a tender
guardian. She highlights that a mother is able to
be an aggressive defender of her children. She emphasizes
that a woman has a value in herself and
not only in being a mother. This way she wants
to liberate women from the pressure of being
mothers and from their total sacrifice for the sake
of their children.
Virginity is understood by Johnson as sign
of women’s autonomy. She underlines that Mary’s
virginity must be interpreted in a spiritual way in
order to avoid creating grounds for depreciation
of feminine sexuality.