Aphrahat; Ephraim the Syrian; Ishodad of Merv; Theodore bar Koni; nestorian exegesis; Syriac language; Afrahat Pers; Efrem Syryjczyk; Iszodad z Merw; Teodor bar Koni; egzegeza nestoriańska; język syryjski
Vox Patrum, T. 67 (2017), s. 673-686
The Syriac commentaries analysed in the article are characterised by an original
method, rarely appearing in the Latin or Greek exegesis. Both Aphrahat the
Persian and Ephraim the Syrian, as well as Ishodad of Merv and Theodore bar
Koni juxtaposed various propositions and interpretations of one Biblical event.
In the view of these exegetes, the affirmation of diversity was the evidence of
the knowledge of the essence of Holy Scripture. Such a mosaic of interpretations
constitutes a primary feature proving the originality of the Syrians’ Biblical commentaries.
Most significantly, it was the astute observation of the work of creation
that provided them with the material for their interpretations. It is also possible
that the knowledge of Judaism and exegetical techniques of rabbis played a crucial
role in the adopted hermeneutical methodology. The analyses of Ishodad of
Merv’s and Theodore bar Koni’s commentaries led to the discovery of the evolution
in Nestorian exegesis, dominated by Antiochian tradition. East Syrians from
the 8th and 9th centuries widely employed the interpretative method of diversity,
previously used by Aphrahat and Ephraim the Syrian in the 4th century.