J. Wódz (red.), "Problemy socjologii miasta" (S. 9-40). Katowice : Uniwersytet Śląski
The author discusses two theoretical-methodological trends being a frame of
reference to the contemporary studies on the urban phenomena. The first one, called
classical ecology,'has been initiated In the 1920s by the well-known investigations
carried out by R. E. Park, E. Burgess, and R. D. McKenzie of the Chicago University.
A town was conceived by them as a configuration of three elements: a natural
area, an economic order, and a cultural order. A natural area determines, in
their opinion, a biotic society which is denoted as an arrangement of unconscious
interpersonal relations observed at a particular territory (a natural area).
The second trend was called by the author the conventional theories ol' the
urbanization. According to these theories te subject of an analysis are the processes
of towns development and their transformations. This development is unilinear
in accordance with the following evolutional continuum: preindustrial city industrializing
city (semi-modernized city), -» industrial city. The forerunner of this
theoretical orientation was, among other, L. Wirth, the disciple of R. E. Park. His
person is a kind of a link combining both theories under discussion.