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Title: "Bellum Gallicum" VIII, 52, 4-5 : (wiarygodność przekazu i datacja wydarzeń)
Authors: Rogosz, Norbert
Keywords: Aulus Hircjusz; Bellum Gallicum VIII; Pompejusz; Juliusz Cezar
Issue Date: 1999
Publisher: Katowice : Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Śląskiego
Citation: W. Kaczanowicz (red.),"Rzym antyczny : polityka i pieniądz. T. 3" (S. 41-59). Katowice : Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Śląskiego
Abstract: The author attempts to elucidate some discrepancies connected with the course of the conflict between Pompey and Caesar in 50 B.C., and particularly with the statements made by G. Scribonius Curio in the Senate, the reason being that the information obtained from the sources and concerning the events in question is often fragmentary, unpredse, or too general. As a result, those events are treated in historiography in different ways. Unclear, for example, and subject to many interpretations are the data, included in a report by Aulus Hirtius (Bell. Gall. VIII. 52. 4—5), concerning the skirmishes between Caesar and Pompey, and between their supporters, that took place in the Senate between March 1, and December 9, in 50 B.C. They are very important because some of them can be found only in Hirtius, who, however, is known for his pro Caesar bias. Our idea of the course of the rivalry between Pompey and Caesar in 50, of the Senate debates, and the Senate moves of Curio, the tribune of the people, depends then on our estimation of the trustworthiness of the information provided by Aulus Hirtius, and on the correct dating of the events referred to in it. It is these questions that dedded the developments in the Republic several months before the outbreak of the second civil war. The author begins his reflections by estimating the trustworthiness of Aulus Hirtius’ information, included in the discussed fragment of his report. He strives then to recognise the nature of the tendencies appearing in it, and, above all, to establish whether its tendentiousness undermines the truthfulness of the facts provided by it. Having established the reality and authenticity of the events described by Hirtius, the author embarks on the task of dating them. This is achieved by means of comparing various facts provided by Hirtius between one another, and also with the facts included in Cicero’s correspondence, in the work by Appian of Alexandria, and, to a lesser degree, in the reports by other ancient authors. As a result, the conclusion is reached that the examined fragment of the Bellum Gallicum is composed of two largely different parts: The first (Bell. Gall. VIII. 52. 4), which treats of the proposition, insisted upon by Curio, of resolving the conflict between Caesar and Pompey, may be connected with the Senate debates that took place between March 1 through December 9, 50 B.C., as it is in that period that tribune of the people canvassed for the acceptance of his motion. The other (Bell. Gall. VIII. 52. 5), informing about the attempt by Curio to submit his proposal to voting, about the intervention of the consuls, and the walkout of the senators, should be connected only with the debate on March 1, 50 B.C., devoted exclusively to the resolution of the conflict between Pompey and Caesar.
ISBN: 8322609051
Appears in Collections:Książki/rozdziały (WNS)

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