St. Bernard of Clairvaux; knight-monk; Knights Templar; Christian knight
Katowice : Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Śląskiego
"Ethos rycerski w kulturze : tradycje i kontynuacje. T. 1: W kręgu średniowiecza" (S. 15-32). Katowice : Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Śląskiego
The article is devoted to the idea of a knight-monk and its justification presented by St.
Bernard of Clairvaux in In Praise of the New Knighthood. First, we are following St. Bernard’s
argumentation, and then, a broader theoretical context is outlined. The central problem
is: how to reconcile the evangelical imperative of loving enemies with the acceptability of leading crusades or, more broadly speaking, armed combat in defense of faith. It has been
argued that this problem is just an extreme example of a more universal problem inherent in
Christianity, namely the tension between perfection, which, according to the Gospel, man
ought to achieve, and his actual imperfection.