Among all forms of communist repressions used in PRL, the introduction of the martial law
on 13 December 1981 was one of the most tragic and negative one. Around 100 people died, and
over 10 000 were interned. The common courts convicted 1685 people, including 979 on the basis
of the martial law regulations, for crimes caused because of the political reasons in the martial law
period. The army courts convicted 10191 people, including 5681 for the crimes within the decree
on the martial law.
The legislation of the martial law introduced 26 new types of criminal acts into the system of
criminal regulations. Also, 11 new crimes and 15 new offences were introduced.
The intricacy of the negative results of the martial law, referring to the individual or personal
cases, is difficult to cover. It concerns, among other things, work dismissal, forced emigration, illnesses
and state of psyche of the people undergoing persecution.
Despite the quarter of the century that has passed, including 15 years of the functioning of
the totalitarian system, the question on the form of responsibility used with respect to both those
who committed vile acts and tragedies by means of a baton, weapon, assassination attacks, and
even murders, but also those using false acts of conviction or court verdicts has not been answered.
It is worth remembering that there are such people among them who claim that it was as early
as 1982 that the history proved that they were right. It is reflected in the opinion expressed
by Jaruzelski at that time: “We are not afraid of the truth — it is the history that proved we were