political identity; cultural identity; Upper Silesia; tożsamość polityczna; tożsamość kulturowa; Górny Śląsk
"Górnośląskie Studia Socjologiczne" Nr 1 (2010), s. 34-52.
The author describes those aspects of cultural identity which are connected with political
identity creation in Upper Silesia. He is interested in regional re-vindications and asks how Silesian
cultural and social specificity influences its political identity.
He analyses a “special case” of Upper Silesia from an anthropology of politics and sociology
of politics perspectives. He indicates those elements of social and cultural life which are the evidence
of Silesian uniqueness. Analyzing a special character of Upper Silesia, the author finds its
territorial range settlement very difficult. He writes about two important consequences of a strong
Silesian cultural identity: first of them is the return to autonomy idea, the second is the acceptance
of Silesian nationality as unique. He also mentions “foundation myth” that reinforces Upper
The essence of Silesian exceptionality is considered opposed national and EU politics. The author
claims that the consequences of national politics, as well as European Union politics are visible
in Silesians’ activity, i.e.: efforts driving to the Silesians association registration, strengthening the
sense of Silesians’ cultural separateness (with no political projects), new model of Silesian identity
creation, intensive work in identity myth creation.
In conclusion, the author puts forward some proposals connected with Silesian Voivodeship
status regulations. He writes about Belgian, Spanish and British solutions and postulates the implementation
of a new decentralization model: “a variable geometry decentralization”.