Artykuły wojskowe dla Milicji Karola Stanisława; Wielkie Księstwo Litewskie; prawo wojskowe
"Z Dziejów Prawa" (T. 4 (2011), s. 299-319)
The comparative studies conducted show mutual influences of military laws to be obeyed
in the Crown and Lithaunia. Military articles by Krzysztof and Janusz Radziwiłł were one of
few native military codifications of the gentry Republic of Poland used when writing Military
articles from 1775 which, in turn, constituted the only basis for publishing Military articles for
the militia of Karol Stanisław Radziwiłł.
Radziwiłł’s articles include numerous humane elements. The very tendencies were already
visible in codification from 1775, however, a change Karol Stanisław Radziwiłł made in articles
in line with the spirit of the very period led to, included among others, the replacement of death
penalty with life imprisonment, combined with a forced labour, as well as a total elimination of
a disgraceful punishment of denouncement.