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Title: Variation of crystal orientation and dendrite array generated in the root of SX turbine blades
Authors: Bogdanowicz, Włodzimierz
Krawczyk, Jacek
Paszkowski, Robert
Sieniawski, Jan
Keywords: Superalloy; X-ray topography; Lateral growth; Dendrite array; Low-angle boundaries
Issue Date: 2019
Citation: "Materials" iss 24 (2019), art. no. 4126, s. 1-13
Abstract: The variation of the crystal orientation and the dendrite array generated in the root of the single-crystalline (SX) turbine blades made of CMSX-4 superalloy were studied. The blades with an axial orientation of the [001] type were solidified by the industrial Bridgman technique using a spiral selector at a withdrawal rate of 3 mm/min. The analysis of the crystal orientation and dendrite arrangement was carried out using scanning electron microscopy, X-ray di raction topography, and Laue di raction. It was found that the lateral growth of such secondary dendrite arms, which are defined as “leading” and grow in the root at first, is related to the rotation of their crystal lattice, which is the reason for creation of the low-angle boundary (LAB) type defects. The primary crystal orientation of the selector extension (SE) area determines the areas and directions of the lateral growth of the leading arms. Additionally, it was found that in the SE areas of the root, near the connection with the selector, the spatial distribution of the [001] 0 crystallographic direction has a complex wave-like character and may be related to the shape of the crystallization front.
DOI: 10.3390/ma12244126
ISSN: 1996-1944
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