Basic novelties in the civil proceeding in the Polish People’s Republic of a socialist nature
appeared in the act from 20 July 1950 changing the code of the civil proceeding from 1932.
Changes of the pre-war code of the civil proceeding (1932) concerned four areas of issues: the
system of appeal means, the rule of the material truth and the rule of prosecutor’s availability and
participation in the civil proceeding. In justification to the amendment of the regulations on the
civil proceeding (1950) the Russian models were directly referred to.
The works on a new code of the civil proceeding started at the end of 1951. Regulations of
the future code of the civil proceeding were to be based on socialist rules while a direct model
was to be a Czech-Slovak code of the civil proceeding from 1950. It was until September 1952,
namely the time allotted to the submission of a new socialist code of the civil proceeding to the
Presidium of the Government that just its general part was designed. The first project of a new
code of the civil proceeding was finally prepared in 1955. In fact, it thwarted the achievements
of the Polish science within the scope of the civil proceeding. The project solutions underwent
criticism and codification of the civil procedure, above all, its assumptions, revived again after
a political turn in 1956.