Artykuły wojskowe Hieronima Radziwiłła z 1733 roku; prawo wojskowe; Wielkie Księstwo Litewskie
Z Dziejów Prawa, T. 5 (2012), s. 361-374
Lithuanians can boast about a significant contribution to the development of the military
criminal code of the Republic of Poland I. The ius specjale in question, it being definitely the
military law, represents some common regularities governing the common law of the Republic
of Both Nations. What needs to be emphasized is Lithuanians’ constant attempts at maintaining
their own legal system, the example of which are not only Lithuanian Statute or extortion the
nomination of a separate deputation preparing law codification, but also a constant attempt at
maintaining independence also in a military law from the Great Sejm. The representatives of the
Radziwiłł family did a lot in this respect, Krzysztof and Janusz among others, thanks to whom
Lithuania possessed military laws different from the crown ones, even after publishing Artykuły hetmańskie by the Sejm in 1609, and ascribing a value of the act perpetually biding to them.
Lithuanians did not only continue to issue their own military acts, but also made an attempt to
create a separate military codification known as Artykuły późniejsze wojskowe different from the
Crown one, which clearly proves the willingness to maintain independence also in this respect.
The comparative research in question showed mutual influences of military laws biding in the
Crown and Lithuania. What is worth emphasizing is the fact that the so called Artykuły słuckie
by Hieronim Radziwiłł are one of the steps taken in maintaining independence and continuity of
a military law in Grand Duchy of Lithuania.