teoria literatury; teoria fikcji; semiotyka i literatura; analiza tekstu literackiego; Jacques Derrida; "Autor tych podróży"
Katowice : Uniwersytet Śląski
W. Kalaga, T. Sławek (red.), "Znak - tekst - fikcja : z zagadnień semiotyki tekstu literackiego" (S. 89-104). Katowice : Uniwersytet Śląski
The present essay is an attempt at matching some themes underlying
what is now called „post-structuralism” (mainly on the basis of Jacques
Derrida’s writings) against the problem of fictionality in literary studies. We
present here a post-structural critique of traditional (de Saussurean) semiotics
along with its diadic idea of the linguistic sign, whose main consequence is
the secondary (supplementary) status of writing as opposed to speech, in order
to simultaneously introduce Derrida’s suggestions concerning s i g n and m e a n
i n g (actually their impossibility). This will lead us to the discussion and
the critique of the term „fictionality” as a „by-product” of a certain metaphysics
which Derrida calls the „metaphysics of presence” .