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Title: Insights into Barley Root Transcriptome under Mild Drought Stress with an Emphasis on Gene Expression Regulatory Mechanisms
Authors: Janiak, Agnieszka
Kwaśniewski, Mirosław
Sowa, Marta
Kuczyńska, Anetta
Mikołajczak, Krzysztof
Ogrodowicz, Piotr
Szarejko, Iwona
Keywords: barley; drought; roots; stress; transcription factors
Issue Date: 2019
Citation: International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 2019, vol. 20, art. no. 6139, p. 1-25
Abstract: Root systems play a pivotal role in coupling with drought stress, which is accompanied with a substantial transcriptome rebuilding in the root tissues. Here, we present the results of global gene expression profiling of roots of two barley genotypes with contrasting abilities to cope with drought that were subjected to a mild level of the stress. We concentrate our analysis on gene expression regulation processes, which allowed the identification of 88 genes from 39 families involved in transcriptional regulation in roots upon mild drought. They include 13 genes encoding transcription factors (TFs) from AP2 family represented by ERFs, DREB, or B3 domain-containing TFs, eight WRKYs, six NACs, five of the HD-domain, MYB or MYB-related, bHLH and bZIP TFs. Also, the representatives of C3H, CPP, GRAS, LOB-domain, TCP, Ti y, Tubby, and NF-Ys TFs, among others were found to be regulated by the mild drought in barley roots. We found that drought tolerance is accompanied with a lower number of gene expression changes than the amount observed in a susceptible genotype. The better drought acclimation may be related to the activation of transcription factors involved in the maintenance of primary root growth and in the epigenetic control of chromatin andDNAmethylation. In addition, our analysis pointed to fives TFs from ERF, LOB, NAC, WRKY and bHLH families that may be important in the mild but not the severe drought response of barley roots.
DOI: 10.3390/ijms20246139
ISSN: 1422-0067
Appears in Collections:Artykuły (WNP)

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