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dc.contributor.authorTurska-Kawa, Agnieszka-
dc.contributor.authorWojtasik, Waldemar-
dc.identifier.citation"Journal of Comparative Politics" 2018, nr 2, s. 18-29pl_PL
dc.description.abstractOne of the inherent elements of democracy is citizens' participation in public life. The most frequent ways of realization of political participation are universal elections and direct democracy institutions. The aim of this article is to compare the level of application of direct democracy mechanisms at the local and national level in Poland. The research was inspired by diverse institutional positions of direct democracy instruments in the Polish political system. The national ones are based on the Constitution of 1997, which gives them the status of high significance. But on the other hand, especially regarding formal conditions, it functionally limits their possible application. Local direct democracy institutions are normatively based on lower order acts (laws), which are much easier to amend. Hence, they are more adaptable to changing political and social conditions. The authors’ research confirmed the thesis that the use of direct democracy mechanisms is more intensive at the local level. As a continuation of their research, the authors reflect on the determinants of this situation, making six hypotheses.pl_PL
dc.rightsUznanie autorstwa-Użycie niekomercyjne-Na tych samych warunkach 3.0 Polska*
dc.subjectDirect democracypl_PL
dc.titleDirect Democracy in Poland. Between Democratic Centralism and Civic Localismpl_PL
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Uznanie autorstwa - użycie niekomercyjne, na tych samych warunkach 3.0 Polska Creative Commons License Creative Commons