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Title: Dielectric and Impedance Studies of (Ba,Ca)TiO3 Ceramics Obtained from Mechanically Synthesized Powders
Authors: Feliksik, Kamil
Kozielski, Lucjan
Szafraniak-Wiza, Izabela
Goryczka, Tomasz
Adamczyk-Habrajska, Małgorzata
Keywords: mechanochemical synthesis; lead-free piezoelectric material; BCT ceramics
Issue Date: 2019
Citation: Materials, Vol. 12 (2019), Art. No. 4036
Abstract: Mechanochemical synthesis o ers unique possibility of perovskite phase formation at ambient conditions that is very attractive (simplifies production, allows strict stoichiometry control and brings economic benefits). In this work the mechanochemical synthesis has been used for preparation ofBa1􀀀xCaxTiO3 (0.2 x 0.3) powders from simple oxides. The 20 h milled powders have been uniaxially pressed and sintered in order to get the ceramic samples. The sample morphologies have been observed by scanning electron microscopy. Dielectric and impedance studies have been performed on ceramics. The obtained results indicate that the two mechanism of doping occurred. The first one is observed for the lower calcium concentration (below 0.3) and consists of the introduction of calcium ion into the A site of the perovskite structure. The second one is observed for the higher calcium concentration (equal 0.3). In this case the calcium ions partially occupies the B site in the perovskite structure. Both cases have di erent influence on the final properties of the ceramics because they induce di erent defects.
DOI: 10.3390/ma12244036
ISSN: 1996-1944
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