battle against Satan; sons of the covenant; Syrian monasticism
Vox Patrum, 2013, t. 59, s. 209-223
In the Demonstrations by Aphrahat, the term „battle” is reserved for the struggles
waged by the „sons of the covenant” against Satan (cf. 1Jn 2, 16). Te Evil
One attacks them in various manners in order to destroy the peace in man and the
Church, yet, as in The Shepherd of Hermas, his „battle” has been definitively lost.
In Aphrahat’s teaching, the question related to the dwelling place of the evil spiritangel
remains to be studied. According to the typical Judeo-Christian concept, he
dwells in the lower spheres of heaven, which implies certain soteriological consequences:
Christs encounters and defeats evil spirits during His ascension, not
during His descension into Sheol, where His aim is to liberate the souls.