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Tytuł: Diclofenac degradation - enzymes, genetic background and cellular alterations triggered in diclofenac-metabolizing strain Pseudomonas moorei KB4
Autor: Żur, Joanna
Piński, Artur
Wojcieszyńska, Danuta
Smułek, Wojciech
Guzik, Urszula
Słowa kluczowe: biotransformation enzymes; cells injury; diclofenac; gene expression; membranes; metabolites; oxidative stress; Pseudomonas; toxicity
Data wydania: 2020
Źródło: International Journal of Molecular Sciences, Vol. 21, iss. 18 (2020) art. no. 6786
Abstrakt: Diclofenac (DCF) constitutes one of the most significant ecopollutants detected in various environmental matrices. Biological clean-up technologies that rely on xenobiotics-degrading microorganisms are considered as a valuable alternative for chemical oxidation methods. Up to now, the knowledge about DCF multi-level influence on bacterial cells is fragmentary. In this study, we evaluate the degradation potential and impact of DCF on Pseudomonas moorei KB4 strain. In mono-substrate culture KB4 metabolized 0.5 mg L-1 of DCF, but supplementation with glucose (Glc) and sodium acetate (SA) increased degraded doses up to 1 mg L-1 within 12 days. For all established conditions, 4'-OH-DCF and DCF-lactam were identified. Gene expression analysis revealed the up-regulation of selected genes encoding biotransformation enzymes in the presence of DCF, in both mono-substrate and co-metabolic conditions. The multifactorial analysis of KB4 cell exposure to DCF showed a decrease in the zeta-potential with a simultaneous increase in the cell wall hydrophobicity. Magnified membrane permeability was coupled with the significant increase in the branched (19:0 anteiso) and cyclopropane (17:0 cyclo) fatty acid accompanied with reduced amounts of unsaturated ones. DCF injures the cells which is expressed by raised activities of acid and alkaline phosphatases as well as formation of lipids peroxidation products (LPX). The elevated activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT) testified that DCF induced oxidative stress.
DOI: 10.3390/ijms21186786
ISSN: 1422-0067
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