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Title: New way of anionic ring-opening copolymerization of β-butyrolactone and ε-caprolactone : determination of the reaction course
Authors: Grobelny, Zbigniew
Jurek-Suliga, Justyna
Golba, Sylwia
Keywords: Polymer synthesis; Anionic ring opening polymerization; Copolymers; ε-caprolactone; β-butyrolactone
Issue Date: 2020
Citation: "Journal of Polymer Research" 2020, iss. 12, art. no. 359
Abstract: Poly(ε-caprolactone)-block-poly(β-butyrolactone) copolymers were prepared in two-step synthesis. Firstly, poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL) was obtained by anionic ring-opening polymerization of CL initiated with anhydrous KOH activated 12-crown-4 cation complexing agent. Reaction was carried out in tetrahydrofuran solution and argon atmosphere at room temperature. Then, β-butyrolactone (BL) and 18-crown-6 were added to the system, resulting in PCL-block-PBL copolymer, which contains after methylation hydroxyl starting group and methyl ester end group. The main product was contaminated with PCL and PBL homopolymers formed in a side reactions. 13C NMR technique was used for determination of chemical structure of polymers obtained. The course of the studied processes was proposed. MALDI-TOF technique was used to reveal the macromolecules’ architecture where several series were found. The identified series shown that mainly copolymeric macromolecules were formed with scare contribution of homopolymeric polybutyrolactone with trans-crotonate starting groups and polycaprolactone, which is congruent with the proposed reaction mechanism. Moreover, critical approach concerning previously reported PCL-block-PBL copolymer synthesis by use of NaH as initiator was also presented.
DOI: 10.1007/s10965-020- 02333-9
ISSN: 1022-9760
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