Skip navigation

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title: Efekt lilipuci - typy, przyczyny i znaczenie dla organizmów znajdujących się pod działaniem niekorzystnych czynników środowiska
Authors: Brom, Krzysztof
Salamon, Mariusz A.
Keywords: adaptation; dwarfing; Liliput effect; miniaturization; mass extinctions
Issue Date: 2018
Citation: Kosmos, T. 67, nr 2(2018), s. 263-273
Abstract: In its original version, Lilliput effect (LE) is defined as adaptive response of an organism to the deterioration of environmental conditions, involving after-event reduction of individuals body size in a given population. Currently, four patterns of LE are considered – preferential survival of smaller taxa (extinction of large taxa), dwarfing of taxa, miniaturization combined with additional morphological changes, and LE combined with Lazarus effect. As the main reasons underlying this phenomenon are mentioned: drastic temperature changes (climate warming or cooling), changes in sea salinity, sea acidification, depletion in oxygen of environment (anoxic and hypoxic conditions), sea level fluctuations, loss of symbiotic organisms, collapse in primary production and of food webs. However, LE is considered as effective adaptation for this type of unfavorable conditions, because dwarfed organisms require lower demand for certain environmental resources and quickly reach sexual maturity. The Lilliput effect has been described for many groups of organisms such as vertebrates, invertebrates, protists and plants.
DOI: 10.36921/kos.2018_2386
ISSN: 2658-1132
Appears in Collections:Artykuły (WNP)

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
Brom_Efekt_lilipuci_typy.pdf632,13 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
Show full item record

Uznanie autorstwa - użycie niekomercyjne, bez utworów zależnych 3.0 Polska Creative Commons License Creative Commons