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Title: Prawo właściwe dla roszczenia o uznanie umowy za bezskuteczną - skarga pauliańska w prawie prywatnym międzynarodowym
Authors: Popiołek, Wojciech
Zachariasiewicz, Maciej
Keywords: actio pauliana; fraudlent transfers; applicable law; conflict of laws; private international law
Issue Date: 2012
Citation: Problemy Prawa Prywatnego Międzynarodowego, T. 11 (2012), s. 115-139
Abstract: Actio pauliana is an instrument of protecting of the creditors in the event of debtor’s fraudulent transfers of assets which render him unable to satisfy creditors. The question of the law applicable to actio pauliana has not been dealt with in Rome I nor in Rome II Regulation. There is no specific rule in the Polish new Act on Private International Law of 2011 either. At the same time, the particular features of this instrument — i.e. the fact that it is linked to contract, tortious liability, property law and enforcement of claims — make it difficult to be classified within the existing conflict of laws rules. In the doctrine and case there are many diverse proposals to solve this issue. The authors present seven different methods used in order to ascertain law applicable to actio pauliana. They are the following: the law applicable to protected claim, the law applicable to fraudulent transfer, tortious classification, the law of the state where transferred assets are located, the law of the state where the main interests of debtor are centred, the closest connection test and the cumulative or parallel application of two or more legislations. After examining the existing propositions, authors take a view that it is inevitable to differentiate between various elements of actio pauliana, and to subject them to either the law applicable to protected claim or to fraudulent transfer. It is nevertheless suggested that the law applicable to protected claim should play a leading role, although it may be necessary to allow for the intervention of the law applicable to fraudulent transfer, if this would be justified by the need to protect expectations of third parties.
ISSN: 1896-7604
Appears in Collections:Artykuły (WPiA)

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