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Tytuł: Polityczne implikacje wprowadzenia unii walutowej w Europie
Autor: Kubin, Tomasz
Słowa kluczowe: Europejska Unia Gospodarczo-Walutowa; Stosunki międzynarodowe; Gospodarka; Ekonomia
Data wydania: 2007
Wydawca: Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Śląskiego
Abstrakt: The last important stage of Economic and Monetary Union (EMU; introduced on the basis of Treaty of Maastricht) began on January 1st 2002. In 12 member countries of the EU euro coins and notes were introduced to common circulation and soon replaced national currencies. The introduction of Economic and Monetary Union is considered to be the most ambitious venture in the process of European integration and it is one of the most important events at the turn of the 20th and 21st century. 12 countries decided to abandon their national currencies and accept one common currency - euro which united the economies of the majority of countries of the Western Europe. Moreover, since the beginning of 2007 so called Euroland numbered 13 countries and Slovenia as the first of the countries which entered UE in the year 2004 entered to Economic and Monetary Union. It is almost certain that the number of member countries of the EMU will increase in the future - the potential candidates to the participation in European monetary union are: Great Britain, Sweden and Denmark which do not participate in this venture and other new UE member countries from Central and Eastern Europe including Poland. It may seem that Economic and Monetary Union is strictly an economic venture entailing mostly economic effects. Yet, among economic motifs and implications of establishing Economic and Monetary Union there are also motifs and implications of political nature, all of which constitute the thesis of the following study. In the whole process of integration which resulted in the introduction of the Economic and Monetary Union, starting form its origins, the political and economic aspects are inseparably connected. That is why the aim of the following study is to identify and analyse of the political implications of the introduction of monetary union by the EU countries. Economic and Monetary Union entails (or may entail) consequences of the political nature, being situated on the verge of politics and economics or economy but directly influencing the politics. The study consists of the introduction, six chapters, conclusion and bibliography. The first chapter emphasises the relationships between politics and economy and especially between the political and economic aspects of international integration. The author has presented opinions indicating a close relationship between these two fields. Special attention has been paid to opinions which emphasize the interconnection between political and economic aspects in reference to process of the integration of the West European countries initiated and continued after the WWII and especially the introduction of the Economic and Monetary Union. Second chapter consists of a review of the definitions of key words functioning in the literature such as: integration, economic integration, currency integration and monetary union. It also shows the most important historical examples of monetary unions and monetary unions functioning at the moment. Special attention is paid to political aspect of these unions and to the importance of political factors to their stability. From that point of view and from the point of view of this study the most important issue are the divisions of monetary unions into the ones accepted between independent countries remaining separate and so called national monetary unions whose existence is connected with political unification. The third chapter presents the steps taken by the EU countries to enter Economic and Monetary Union. This venture cannot be analysed without the reference to a wider context that is why first the origins of the West European process of integration after WWII and its beginnings are outlined and then the events which led to the introduction of Economic and Monetary Union: the beginnings of the process of currency cooperation of West European countries, suggestions and plans of introducing monetary union put forward at the turn of the 60ties and 70ties of the 20th century, principles of the European Monetary System, the importance of European Currency Unit for the possibilities of introducing Economic and Monetary Union, the conditions of participation in the third stage and the rulings of so called Stability and Growth Pact. Political implication of Economic and Monetary Union were presented in fourth, fifth and sixth chapters. Chapter four consists of the analysis of the political implication of the membership in Economic and Monetary Union for nation-states. First of all how the membership of a country in Economic and Monetary Union relates to the comprehension of the concept of sovereignty functioning in the literature. The influence of country’s membership in monetary union on the independence of the policy of a given country constitutes a development and supplement of the author’s considerations. The author also attempted to place the membership in Economic and Monetary Union in a group of phenomena and processes of a wider character which influence the position, role and the range of the functions realised by modern nation-state (the process of integration within the UE and also about e.g. globalization, the increase of number and importance of non-member states in international relationships or the decentralization processes) and the issue of development and integration of Economic and Monetary Union in the view of so called German issue, namely about the emphasis of the importance of the unification of Germany in 1990 to the reaching the Treaty of Maastricht and the introduction of Economic and Monetary Union. The fifth chapter constitutes the attempt to present ways in which the Economic and Monetary Union can constitute to the development of the integration of EU countries at the political level or even extract it. We also present functioning definitions of political integration, factors which can determine the need (necessity?) of political integration — functionalism and neofunctionalism, federalism, confederalism and the transactional approach, the analysis of the institutional aspects of Economic and Monetary Union and the development of the signalled issue concerning legitimization of the European Central Bank and its political responsibility. Finally, in the sixth chapter the author presents relationships between the system of powers in the global dimension, the structure of the international currency system, the political aspect concerning the way the system influenced the introduction of the Economic and Monetary Union as well as introduction of euro currency.
ISBN: 978-83-226-1588-1
Pojawia się w kolekcji:Książki/rozdziały (WNS)

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