Skip navigation

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title: Energy of a free Brownian particle coupled to thermal vacuum
Authors: Łuczka, Jerzy
Spiechowicz, Jakub
Keywords: physics; quantum physics; statistical physics
Issue Date: 2021
Citation: "Scientific Reports" (2021), Vol. 11, art. no. 4088
Abstract: Experimentalists have come to temperatures very close to absolute zero at which physics that was once ordinary becomes extraordinary. In such a regime quantum effects and fluctuations start to play a dominant role. In this context we study the simplest open quantum system, namely, a free quantum Brownian particle coupled to thermal vacuum, i.e. thermostat in the limiting case of absolute zero temperature. We analyze the average energy E=E(c) of the particle from a weak to strong interaction strength c between the particle and thermal vacuum. The impact of various dissipation mechanisms is considered. In the weak coupling regime the energy tends to zero as E(c)∼cln(1/c) while in the strong coupling regime it diverges to infinity as E(c)∼c√. We demonstrate it for selected examples of the dissipation mechanisms defined by the memory kernel γ(t) of the Generalized Langevin Equation. We reveal how at a fixed value of c the energy E(c) depends on the dissipation model: one has to compare values of the derivative γ′(t) of the dissipation function γ(t) at time t=0 or at the memory time t=τc which characterizes the degree of non-Markovianity of the Brownian particle dynamics. The impact of low temperature is also presented.
DOI: 10.1038/s41598-021-83617-y
ISSN: 2045-2322
Appears in Collections:Artykuły (WNŚiT)

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
Spiechowicz_Luczka_energy_of_a_free_brownian.pdf2,36 MBAdobe PDFView/Open
Show full item record

Uznanie Autorstwa 3.0 Polska Creative Commons License Creative Commons