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Statements and declarations are the genres of a public discourse playing a vital role in contemporary
social communication. For political reasons, they existed in Poles’ minds extremely intensively
The article makes an attempt to differentiate between these two terms often considered as
synonymic. The evolution of both genres is observed in public communication. The statement is
close to a role of an extremely formalised document of a poor content. A verifying factor may be
the very fact of submitting and not submitting a statement. At the same time, a role and position
of declaration increase, a genre that is important in terms of its content and being developed and
The shape of declaration is typical of formal documents regulating social and political life.
What is characteristic of declarations is precision the of sentences, terminological explicity and
modularity of structure.