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Title: Impact of TiO2 nanostructures on dye-sensitized solar cells performance
Authors: Gnida, Paweł
Jarka, Paweł
Chulkin, Pavel
Drygała, Aleksandra
Libera, Marcin
Tański, Tomasz
Schab-Balcerzak, Ewa
Keywords: TiO2 nanostructures; DSSC; electrochemical impedance spectroscopy; N719
Issue Date: 2021
Citation: "Materials" (2021), iss. 7, art. no. 1633, s. 1-17
Abstract: The effect of TiO2 nanostructures such as nanoparticles, nanowires, nanotubes on photoanode properties, and dye-sensitized solar cells photovoltaic parameters were studied. The series of dye-sensitized solar cells based on two dyes, that is, commercially N719 and synthesized 3,70- bis(2-cyano-1-acrylic acid)-10-ethyl-phenothiazine were tested. Additionally, the devices containing a mixture of this sensitizer and chenodeoxycholic acid as co-adsorbent were fabricated. The amount of adsorbed dye molecules to TiO2 was evaluated. The prepared photoanodes with different TiO2 nanostructures were investigated using UV-Vis spectroscopy, optical, atomic force, and scanning electron microscopes. Photovoltaic response of constructed devices was examined based on currentvoltage characteristics and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy measurements. It was found that the highest UV-Vis absorption exhibited the photoanode with nanotubes addition. This indicates the highest number of sensitizer molecules anchored to the titanium dioxide photoanode, which was subsequently confirmed by dye-loading tests. The highest power conversion efficiency was (6.97%) for solar cell containing nanotubes and a mixture of the dyes with a co-adsorbent.
DOI: 10.3390/ma14071633
ISSN: 1996-1944
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