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Tytuł: Environmental Transformation and the Current State of Hydrogeological Condition in the Wojkowice Area-Southern Poland
Autor: Różkowski, Jacek
Rahmonov, Oimahmad
Zarychta, Roksana
Zarychta, Adrian
Słowa kluczowe: landscape transformations; relief transformations; hydrogeological conditions; vegetation transformations; Wojkowice; Poland
Data wydania: 2021
Źródło: Resources, Vol. 10, iss. 5 (2021) art. no. 54
Abstrakt: Based on the analysis and interpretation of maps, remote sensing data published in the literature, and environmental reconnaissance, this article discusses environmental transformations in the Wojkowice area in southern Poland (up to the year 2020). A comprehensive analysis was carried out concerning spatial development, mining activity, hydrogeological conditions and the biotic environment. The current state of the hydrogeological conditions was also characterized. Mining activity in the vicinity of the studied town caused significant changes in its relief, which contributed to its area dropping by about 5 m. In fact, these terrain forms are overgrown by various forms of vegetation that colonized these areas both naturally and as a result of forest reclamation. The contemporary vegetation of Wojkowice differs from the potential natural vegetation, which is an indicator of the complete anthropogenization of the natural environment. Over 100 years of industrial activity in Wojkowice has also contributed to a strong transformation of the groundwater. There has been a quantitative depletion of usable groundwater in the Triassic and Carboniferous formations. With inflows to the ore mines of up to 17 m3/min, the groundwater table has dropped by more than 60 m. The aquifer of Muschelkalk has been practically drained. At present, wells extract the waters from the Röth aquifer. There has been a major transformation of groundwater chemistry. The waters of the Triassic carbonate complex are anthropogenically transformated and are characterized by increased mineralization, multi-ionic types and usually with a quality class III and IV, and, therefore, they require some treatment.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12128/20460
DOI: 10.3390/resources10050054
ISSN: 2079-9276
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