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Tytuł: Segmentation in dermatological hyperspectral images: dedicated methods
Autor: Koprowski, Robert
Olczyk, Paweł
Słowa kluczowe: Conditional dilatation; Conditional erosion; Fast segmentation method; Hyperspectral imaging; Thresholding
Data wydania: 2016
Źródło: BioMedical Engineering Online, Vol. 15, iss. 1 (2016), [s. 1-15]
Abstrakt: Background: Segmentation of hyperspectral medical images is one of many image segmentation methods which require profiling. This profiling involves either the adjustment of existing, known image segmentation methods or a proposal of new dedicated methods of hyperspectral image segmentation. Taking into consideration the size of analysed data, the time of analysis is of major importance. Therefore, the authors proposed three new dedicated methods of hyperspectral image segmentation with special reference to the time of analysis. Methods: The segmentation methods presented in this paper were tested and profiled to the images acquired from different hyperspectral cameras including SOC710 Hyperspectral Imaging System, Specim sCMOS-50-V10E. Correct functioning of the method was tested for over 10,000 2D images constituting the sequence of over 700 registrations of the areas of the left and right hand and the forearm. Results: As a result, three new methods of hyperspectral image segmentation have been proposed: fast analysis of emissivity curves (SKE), 3D segmentation (S3D) and hierarchical segmentation (SH). They have the following features: are fully automatic; allow for implementation of fast segmentation methods; are profiled to hyperspectral image segmentation; use emissivity curves in the model form, can be applied in any type of objects not necessarily biological ones, are faster (SKE-2.3 ms, S3D-1949 ms, SH-844 ms for the computer with Intel® Core i7 4960X CPU 3.6 GHz) and more accurate (SKE-accuracy 79 %, S3D-90 %, SH-92 %) in comparison with typical methods known from the literature. Conclusions: Profiling and/or proposing new methods of hyperspectral image segmentation is an indispensable element of developing software. This ensures speed, repeatability and low sensitivity of the algorithm to changing parameters.
DOI: 10.1186/s12938-016-0219-5
ISSN: 1475-925X
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