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Title: Insights into the Histone Acetylation-Mediated Regulation of the Transcription Factor Genes That Control the Embryogenic Transition in the Somatic Cells of Arabidopsis
Authors: Morończyk, Joanna
Brąszewska, Agnieszka
Wójcikowska, Barbara
Chwiałkowska, Karolina
Nowak, Katarzyna
Wójcik, Anna M.
Kwaśniewski, Mirosław
Gaj, Małgorzata D.
Keywords: Arabidopsis; auxin; histone acetylation; somatic embryogenesis; transcription factors; trichostatin A
Issue Date: 2022
Citation: "Cells" (2022), vol. 11, nr 5, art. no. 863
Abstract: Somatic embryogenesis (SE), which is a process that involves the in vitro-induced embryogenic reprogramming of plant somatic cells, requires dynamic changes in the cell transcriptome. These changes are fine-tuned by many genetic and epigenetic factors, including posttranslational histone modifications such as histone acetylation. Antagonistically acting enzymes, histone acetyltransferases (HATs) and deacetylases (HDACs), which control histone acetylation in many developmental processes, are believed to control SE. However, the function of specific HAT/HDACs and the genes that are subjected to histone acetylation-mediated regulation during SE have yet to be revealed. Here, we present the global and gene-specific changes in histone acetylation in Arabidopsis explants that are undergoing SE. In the TSA (trichostatin A)-induced SE, we demonstrate that H3 and H4 acetylation might control the expression of the critical transcription factor (TF) genes of a vital role in SE, including LEC1, LEC2 (LEAFY COTYLEDON 1; 2), FUS3 (FUSCA 3) and MYB118 (MYB DOMAIN PROTEIN 118). Within the HATs and HDACs, which mainly positively regulate SE, we identified HDA19 as negatively affecting SE by regulating LEC1, LEC2 and BBM. Finally, we provide some evidence on the role of HDA19 in the histone acetylation-mediated regulation of LEC2 during SE. Our results reveal an essential function of histone acetylation in the epigenetic mechanisms that control the TF genes that play critical roles in the embryogenic reprogramming of plant somatic cells. The results implicate the complexity of Hac-related gene regulation in embryogenic induction and point to differences in the regulatory mechanisms that are involved in auxin- and TSA-induced SE.
DOI: 10.3390/cells11050863
ISSN: 2073-4409
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