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Title: Plant association with dark septate endophytes: When the going gets tough (and stressful), the tough fungi get going
Authors: Malicka, Monika
Magurno, Franco
Piotrowska-Seget, Zofia
Keywords: Abiotic stress; Drought; DSE; Heavy metals; Melanin; Salinity
Issue Date: 2022
Citation: Chemosphere, Vol. 302 (2022), art. no 134830
Abstract: Dark septate endophytes (DSEs) comprise a diverse and ubiquitous group of fungal generalists with broad habitat niches that robustly colonize the roots of plants in stressful environments. DSEs possess adaptation strategies that determine their high tolerance to heavy metal (HM) contamination, drought, and salinity. Most DSEs developed efficient melanin-dependent and melanin-independent mechanisms of HM detoxification and osmoprotection, including intracellular immobilization and extracellular efflux of HMs and excess ions, and the scavenging of reactive oxygen species. DSEs form mutualistic relationship with plants according to the hypothesis of “habitat- adapted associations”, supporting the survival of their hosts under stressful conditions. As saprophytes, DSEs mineralize a complex soil substrate improving plants’ nutrition and physiological parameters. They can protect the host plant from HMs by limiting HM accumulation in plant tissues and causing their sequestration in root cell walls as insoluble compounds, preventing further HM translocation to shoots. The presence of DSE in drought- affected plants can substantially ameliorate the physiology and architecture of root systems, improving their hydraulic properties. Plant growth-promoting features, supported by the versatility and easy culturing of DSEs, determine their high potential to enhance phytoremediation and revegetation projects for HM-contaminated, saline, and desertic lands reclamation.
DOI: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2022.134830
ISSN: 0045-6535
Appears in Collections:Artykuły (WNP)

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