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Title: Do national parks protect natural landscapes?
Authors: Myga-Piątek, Urszula
Sobala, Michał
Szypuła, Bartłomiej
Keywords: Nature conservation; Corine Land Cover; Landscape conservation; Landscape transformation; Poland
Issue Date: 2022
Citation: Journal for Nature Conservation, Vol. 68, (2022), art. no. 126229
Abstract: Establishing national parks should result from a desire to protect natural or near natural landscapes with the lowest degree of anthropogenic transformation. This paper tries to ascertain whether national parks in Poland protect the most natural landscapes and how far they have been affected by humans. The level of anthropogenic transformation of natural landscapes was assessed based on an analysis of the percentage of natural, semi-natural and anthropogenic land cover. The vast majority of national parks in Poland (21 out of 23) protect landscapes which have been minimally transformed by humans (RATTNP ranges from 1.01 to 1.16). Only two kinds of natural landscapes, those that are the most transformed by humans, are not represented within the set of the Polish national parks. Hence, the distribution of national parks reflects the degree of anthropogenic landscape transformation. The proposed method could be applied to any type of spatial unit and thus be the basis for designating areas that should be protected.
DOI: 10.1016/j.jnc.2022.126229
ISSN: 1617-1381
Appears in Collections:Artykuły (WNP)

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