In the article the terms of adolescence process were presented as well as the
stages of mature identity forming, treated as superior task of this developmental period.
The emphasis was put to the description of environmental factors, that may disturb the
appropriate socialization of adolescents in present times. In this context the tasks and
essential competence of the teacher/educator were described in order to indicate how one
should organize prevention and intervention activities to eliminate socialization process
disorders, being a result of disadvantageous environmental factors.