|Abstract: || e book Traces… constitutes a proposal of a thematic reading. It comprises
eleven discussions on poems by Polish poets of the 20th and 21st centuries
linked by a motive of experiencing loneliness, appearing in poetry
in very different entanglements, and realized differently, and, each time,
inclining to re -asking questions on the relationship between literature
and existence. e sense of metaphysical loneliness in the face of space
and time hugeness, as well as ontological loneliness, associated with a nontransmission
of an individual experience are determined by the leading
themes of this volume.
Introduction preceding it, reflects on the existence of the experience
of loneliness in poetry against a philosophical and cultural background.
e specificity of the literature highlights its individual aspects, hidden
in a unique style of the poetry in question, in the elements of the poetics,
peculiarity of illustration or thematic choices. Lyrical representations of
loneliness go in a direction of sensitivity and imagination of the authors
in question each time.
A poem by Jan Lechoń, devoted to Jan Potocki, encodes poet’s internal
fears, his depressive and self -destructive tendencies and also projects his
fate in a sense. Poetry by Maria Pawlikowska -Jasnorzewska hides a drama
of experiencing body, fear of its imperfection and old age, as well as a record
of experiencing femininity which constantly demands a seductive of game
of covers. e poetry by these poets becomes a type of a cover of personal
suffering not transmi ed in any other way, and, at the same time, searching
lyrical means of expressing the truth of individual existence.
Experiencing loneliness of an individual in the face of time boundlessness
and a empts to cope with human definiteness are defined by an existential
horizon of a poetic search by Jarosław Marek Rymkiewicz. Both a classicistic utopia of a cultural existence and an obsessive tracing of
mortal and post -mortal adventures of the body are in this poetry a search
for the means of familiarizing ultimate loneliness, covered with a noninterpenetrative
Man’s loneliness in the face of others and wit a feeling of his/her own
mortality, intensified by sleepless experiences of the night in poems by
Stanisław Barańczak, from Chirurgiczna precyzja, are dressed in an artistic
form of villanelli trying to combine incomparable arrangements of the literature
and existence with each other.
Poems by Ryszard Kapuściński, constituting an important margin of his
reportage writings, emerges the sense of loneliness from lyrical records of
the meeting with the world captured and familiarized when experiencing
a journey. e journey, however, teaches us that nothing can be possessed.
Giving the activity back to the world, we lose ourselves whereas the transcience
of impressions and the sense of the uncertainty of existence combine
with a constant experience of loss and go assuredly in a direction of
the horizon of death.
e sense of ontological loneliness undertakes an intriguing form in
looking at the other, being a representative of a totally separate, individual
world, closed in a non -transmi able experience. Both a meeting with
a mystery of fate of people met in an exotic journey and a glimpse at mysterious
representations of the figures in the pictures of painting masters
start a lyrical story full of assumptions, approximations and distances
which will never go beyond the mystery of the other person. Figures from
Edward Hopper’s canvas, referred to in an ecphrastic cycle by Feliks Netz,
are almost model figures of loneliness of a non -transmi able existence,
yet an intriguing mystery of a different internal world calls for making an
a empt to understand and permeate it, trying to, at least to a small extent,
overcome this loneliness.
Experiencing the literature, both writing and reading, in an existential
perspective is always connected with taking a challenge of identity search
out of the necessity marked by loneliness. Its traces can be found in unique
lyrical worlds. In Aleksander Rybczyński’s poetry, it accompanies his poetic
character in his desire of freedom and world possession, his dream of
a flight and love, in intensity of experienced moments of happiness and despair,
in moving experiences of loss and mourning. In Paweł Sarna’s poems,
loneliness of a lyrical character is an extremely important component of his
struggles with the world, in a mythic dimension taking on an imaginative
form of element cognition and familiarity. is heroic a empt to order the
world leads to ge ing to know oneself. Each time, lyrical representations of loneliness co -create an original character of poetic worlds and a code of
an individual existence wri en in them.
Traces of poems interpreted in this book go in a direction of separate
poetic realities, individual imagination and sensitivity, diversified representations
of a subject experience of existence. If the form of synthesis,
a type of a monograph of poetic loneliness does not evolve from their combination,
it is because of the fact that an individual, and, generally speaking,
non -transmi able experience is encoded each time in a different way
in an individual poetics of the poem.|