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Title: Photofunctionalization of titanium: an alternative explanation of its chemical-physical mechanism
Authors: Roy, Marco
Pompella, Alfonso
Kubacki, Jerzy
Szade, Jacek
Roy, Robert A.
Hędzelek, Wiesław
Keywords: Aluminum; Titanium dioxide; Tooth implant; Tydrocarbon; Titanium; Photofunctionalization
Issue Date: 2016
Citation: PLoS ONE, 2016, iss. 6, art. no e0157481
Abstract: Objectives To demonstrate that titanium implant surfaces as little as 4 weeks from production are contaminated by atmospheric hydrocarbons. This phenomenon, also known as biological ageing can be reversed by UVC irradiation technically known as photofunctionalization. To propose a new model from our experimental evidence to explain how the changes in chemical structure of the surface will affect the adsorption of amino acids on the titanium surface enhancing osteointegration. Methods In our study XPS and AES were used to analyze the effects of UVC irradiation (photofunctionalization) in reversing biological ageing of titanium. SEM was used to analyze any possible effects on the topography of the surface. Results UVC irradiation was able to reverse biological ageing of titanium by greatly reducing the amount of carbon contamination present on the implant surface by up to 4 times, while the topography of the surface was not affected. UVC photon energy reduces surface H2 O and increases TiOH with many -OH groups being produced. These groups explain the superhydrophilic effect from photofunctionalization when these groups come into contact with water. Significance Photofunctionalization has proven to be a valid method to reduce the amount of hydrocarbon contamination on titanium dental implants and improve biological results. The chemisorption mechanisms of amino acids, in our study, are dictated by the chemical structure and electric state present on the surface, but only in the presence of an also favourable geometrical composition at the atomical level.
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0157481
ISSN: 1932-6203
Appears in Collections:Artykuły (WNŚiT)

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