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Title: The oldest record of aquatic amniote congenital scoliosis
Authors: Szczygielski, Tomasz
Surmik, Dawid
Kapuścińska, Agnieszka
Rothschild, Bruce M.
Keywords: Aquatic amniote; Aquatic species; Scoliosis
Issue Date: 2017
Citation: PLoS ONE, Vol. 12, iss. 9 (2017), art. no e0185338
Abstract: We report the first occurrence of congenital scoliosis in an early Permian aquatic parareptile, Stereosternum tumidum from Paraná state, Brazil. The spine malformation is caused by a congenital hemivertebra. These observations give insight into the biomechanical aspects of underwater locomotion in an axial skeleton-compromised aquatic amniote. This is the oldest record of a hemivertebra in an aquatic animal.
Description: This research was supported by the National Science Center (Narodowe Centrum Nauki,, Poland, project no. 2011/ 01/N/ST10/06989 granted to D. Surmik. The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript. There was no additional external funding received for this study.
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0185338
ISSN: 1932-6203
Appears in Collections:Artykuły (WNP)

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