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Title: Les structures informationnelles globales du discours
Authors: Miczka, Ewa
Keywords: analiza dyskursu; dyskurs
Issue Date: 2013
Publisher: Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Śląskiego
Abstract: The main aim of this book is to describe the way in which information is organized above the sentence structure level in discourse. The in-depth analysis focuses on two parts: thematic and rhematic structures of discourse as well as relations between global units of information structures described as thematic segments. The book is divided into five chapters. Chapter One aims to examine three basic items in the field of research i.e. text, discourse and discourse representation. In this chapter, an account of the evolution of the concept of text is provided; from first attempts of distributional analysis of syntactic sequences by Zellig S. Harris, via the models within the framework of textual grammars, the concepts framed by researchers of functional linguistics as well as systemic linguistics, with reference to the ideas proposed by cognitive linguistics. Furthermore, the chapter discusses the coherence of text, polysemy of the term discourse and the remainder of the chapter presents the meaning of discourse representation. In terms of discourse representation, it should be noted that it is defined as a kind of cognitive representation consisting of six domains, such as information, functional, ontological, expressive, axiological domains and a domain of genre conventions. As the main aim of this book is to describe global discourse information structure. Chapter Two focuses on information domain which is the first distinctive part of discourse representation. After discussing the evolution of Theme in modern linguistics, a model of the hierarchical thematic-rhematic structure is constructed. In the thematic part of discourse information structure, three levels are distinguished: a global level depicted by hypertheme, an indirect level on which there are partial themes and generalizing themes, and a basic level perceived as themes of sentences. The rhematic part consists of two levels; there is an indirect level on which there are rhematic sets and a basic level comprising rhemes of sentences. This chapter looks at three basic models of information structures which linear model and a model based on two alternating partial themes in discourse. It is worth noting that a discussion on a relation between these basic models and a notion of prototypes is conducted. The subsequent three chapters provide a thorough analysis of various aspects of global discourse information structure. Chapter Three gives a full description of thematic units configurations above the sentence structure, such as hypertheme, partial theme and generalizing themes. Moreover, the models of global discourse information structures are discussed respectively. It should be noted that apart from the abovementioned basic models, models with partial themes that are used repeatedly in discourse and a presentation of models expanded by hypertheme and generalizing theme, the function of which is based on information synthesis included in two (or more) partial themes are distinguished in the following discussion. Chapter Four analyses rhematic structures which are not delimited to the sentence framework. On conducting a discussion of the corpus, it is possible to present rhematic structures: –– structures comprising merely common rhemes – depending directly on a given partial theme; –– structures that are marked with common rhemes and joint rhemes; the latter are connected with hypertheme or generalizing theme; –– structures in which borrowed rhemes emerge next to common rhemes; coming from rhematic sets dependent on various partial themes; –– rhematic structures perceived as the most complex, joining together three categories of rhemes: common, joint and borrowed ones. Chapter Five refers to a relation between thematic segments. A thematic segment is an item of the global discourse information structure comprising partial theme and a set of rhemes (common, joint and borrowed) that are subordinate to this abovementioned theme. In particular, this chapter gives a typology of thematic- rhematic relations as well as merely rhematic ones, which enables to transfer information between various thematic segments in discourse. The model of analysis, implemented in the book, includes three stages, each of which focuses on a different aspect of information discourse structure, giving the possibility to outline the thematic and rhematic structures that are above the sentence structure. What is more, in the light of the model, it is possible to answer a set of questions referring to the way the connections between the units of global discourse information structure are organised.
ISBN: 9788322622018
Appears in Collections:Książki/rozdziały (W.Fil.)

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