creativity; a creative process; style of work of authors; work ethics of creative work
Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Śląskiego
G. Mendecka (red.), "Oblicza twórczości" (S. 52-76). Katowice : Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Śląskiego
Freud enumerated two types of a creative thinking: primary and secondary. Primary thinking
is a spontaneous and non‑stereotypical
process. Imposed by the culture, a secondary
process of creation is logical, stereotypical and subordinate to the principle of realism.
Maslow discerned the phase of inspiration in the primary process and underlined that the
secondary process of creation requires hard work and the one directed at the aim. The works
of outstanding authors of different fields being admired because of their simplicity and
aesthetics are not associated with hard work without which they could not be created. The
number of achievements of outstanding authors, e.g. Mozart, Picasso, Darwin, Balzac seem
to outgrow a physical capacity of one human being. Edison said that “a genius constitutes
1% of imaginativeness and 99% of sweat”. Ethics means principles, values, models of actions,
lifestyle of a given group defining its separateness and uniqueness. What is common
for all outstanding authors of different epochs and fields is work ethics, subordinating their
life to creativity. They do not stop working until their work has a perfect shape. They work
hard despite the lack of social acceptance, fighting their physical and mental weaknesses.
In their creative work, undertaken both in early youth and late old age show endurance and
patience, resistance to stress and failures. They adjust their original workshop and style of
work to aims they set themselves. Work ethics of outstanding authors is explained by the
phenomenon of their creative achievements.