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Title: Towards Zn-dominant tourmaline: A case of Zn-rich fluor-elbaite and elbaite from the julianna system at Piława Górna, Lower Silesia, SW Poland
Authors: Pieczka, Adam
Gołębiowska, Bożena
Jeleń, Piotr
Włodek, Adam
Szełęg, Eligiusz
Szuszkiewicz, Adam
Keywords: Elbaite; Electron microprobe; Fluor-elbaite; Granitic pegmatites; Piława Górna; Raman spectroscopy; Sudetes; Tourmaline; Zn-enrichment
Issue Date: 2018
Citation: Minerals, Vol. 8, iss. 4 (2018), art. no. 126
Abstract: Tourmalines are a group of minerals which may concentrate various accessory components, e.g., Cu, Ni, Zn, Bi, Ti, and Sn. The paper presents fluor-elbaite and elbaite from a dyke of the Julianna pegmatitic system at Piława Górna, at the NE margin of the Bohemian Massif, SW Poland, containing up to 6.32 and 7.37 wt % ZnO, respectively. Such high amounts of ZnO are almost two times higher than in the second most Zn-enriched tourmaline known to date. The compositions of the Zn-rich tourmalines from Piława Górna, studied by electron micropropy and Raman spectroscopy, correspond to the formulae:X(Na0.733Ca0.013□0.254)Y Σ1 (Al1.033Li0.792 Zn0.755Fe2+0.326Mn0.094)Z Σ3 Al6(TSi6O18)(BO3)V 3 (OH)W 3 (F0.654OH0.344), andX(Na0.779Ca0.015□0.206)Σ1 Y(Al1.061Li0.869Zn0.880Fe2+0.098Mn0.094)Z Σ3 Al6(TSi6O18)(BO3)V 3 (OH)W 3 (OH0.837F0.163), respectively, with Zn as one of the main octahedral occupants. A comparison with other tourmalines and associated Zn-rich fluor-elbaite and elbaite from the pegmatite indicates that atypically high Zn-enrichment is not a result of Zn-Fe fractionation, but dissolution and reprecipitation induced by a late (Na,Li,B,F)-bearing fluid within the assemblage of gahnite spinel and primary schorl-type tourmaline. This strongly suggests Na-Li-B-F metasomatism of gahnite-bearing mineral assemblages as that is the only environment that can promote crystallization of a hypothetical Zn-dominant tourmaline. The compositions of the Zn-rich fluor-elbaite and elbaite suggest three possible end-members for such a hypothetical tourmaline species: NaZn3Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH), □(Zn2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH) and Na(Zn2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O by analogy with other tourmalines with divalent Y occupants, such as schorl/foitite/oxy-schorl and dravite/magnesio-foitite/oxy-dravite.
DOI: 10.3390/min8040126
ISSN: 2075-163X
Appears in Collections:Artykuły (WNP)

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