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Title: Organ and tissue-specific localisation of selected cell wall epitopes in the zygotic embryo of Brachypodium distachyon
Authors: Betekhtin, Alexander
Milewska-Hendel, Anna
Łusińska, Joanna
Chajec, Łukasz
Kurczyńska, Ewa
Hasterok, Robert
Keywords: Brachypodium; Cell wall; Nucleus; Zygotic embryo
Issue Date: 2018
Citation: International Journal of Molecular Science, Vol. 19, iss. 3 (2018), art. no. 725
Abstract: The plant cell wall shows a great diversity regarding its chemical composition, which may vary significantly even during different developmental stages. In this study, we analysed the distribution of several cell wall epitopes in embryos of Brachypodium distachyon (Brachypodium). We also described the variations in the nucleus shape and the number of nucleoli that occurred in some embryo cells. The use of transmission electron microscopy, and histological and immunolocalisation techniques permitted the distribution of selected arabinogalactan proteins, extensins, pectins, and hemicelluloses on the embryo surface, internal cell compartments, and in the context of the cell wall ultrastructure to be demonstrated. We revealed that the majority of arabinogalactan proteins and extensins were distributed on the cell surface and that pectins were the main component of the seed coat and other parts, such as the mesocotyl cell walls and the radicula. Hemicelluloses were localised in the cell wall and outside of the radicula protodermis, respectively. The specific arrangement of those components may indicate their significance during embryo development and seed germination, thus suggesting the importance of their protective functions. Despite the differences in the cell wall composition, we found that some of the antibodies can be used as markers to identify specific cells and the parts of the developing Brachypodium embryo.
DOI: 10.3390/ijms19030725
ISSN: 1661-6596
Appears in Collections:Artykuły (WNP)

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