Estetyka miasta; Przestrzeń miejska; Walory estetyczne przestrzeni miejskiej
Studia Etnologiczne i Antropologiczne, T. 10 (2010), s. 363-373
The issues of aesthetic values of city space have so far been the interest of urbanists, architects
or aestheticians and rarely ethnologies despite the fact that the discipline has been dealing with the
of the city and urbanness for years. An attempt to find the answer to the question: What
decides on our positive or negative reception of an industrial space and to what an extent do aesthetic
values shape it? constitute the subject‑matter
of the article.
The space which surrounds us, shapes psychophysical attitudes of individuals, which influences
its contacts with the society in which it functions. High aesthetic values of the city give rise to and
decide on the dynamics of interactions taking place here, increase the need of identification and
sense of community, especially important among the inhabitants. They also condition the attitudes of
newcomers and tourists, which may decide on its development. At the same time, the ugliness of the
city brings about negative effects, causes frustration, alienation, or even aggression of individuals as
well as de‑orientation
of the group.
Aesthetic values of the city space depend on the natural environment in which the city (the lie of
the land, river) is inscribed, from the structure and building and street plan, especially on a clearly‑indicated
centre — the market square, finally from the compilation of colour, chiaroscuro model,
small architecture forms which “furnish” the city, the greenery and people. An important place is
given here to the advertisement and reflections of the so called street art.