"Śląskie Studia Polonistyczne" Nr 2 (2017), s. 51-65
The Khotyn victory in 1673 became an inspiration for many poets.
It inspired such well-known artists as Wacław Potocki and Zbigniew Morsztyn, as well as
secondary artists like Daniel Kałaj, Mateusz Kuligowski and Samuel Leszczyński. From
among many creative writings about the battle of Khotyn there is one that outstands
due to its length and detailed presentation. It is a work of future Lithuanian referendary
Stefan Jan Ślizień: Haracz krwią turecką Turkom wypłacony first published in Vilnius in
1674. In the introductory poem Do czytelnika łaskawego, the poet adopts the attitude of
the real events‘ relator who makes descriptions from the eyewitness’ perspective. Thus,
he puts the poem into the circle of poetics of the native heroicum.
Ślizień – who participated in the Khotyn battle – describes battle events in
a meticulous way, bringing the recipient closer to the realities. On the pages of the poem,
the poet expressively represented the figure of the commander-in-chief – hetman Jan
Sobieski, whom he characterized according to the epic principle fortitudo et sapientia.
In addition, as a soldier from Lithuania, albeit fighting along with the Crown troops, he
did not forget about the merits of Lithuania on the battlefield: he praises the equipment
and courage of the Lithuanian army and appreciates the attitude of the great Lithuanian
hetmans, Michał Pac and Michał Radziwiłł, thus showing attachment to the native land.