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Title: Wartościowanie w filmach animowanych dla dzieci (na materiale polskim i rosyjskim)
Authors: Śmiech, Jaśmina
Advisor: Zych, Anna
Keywords: filmy animowane; kino polskie; kino rosyjskie; wartościowanie (filozofia); język w mediach; audiowizualność
Issue Date: 2018
Publisher: Katowice : Uniwersytet Śląski
Abstract: The aim of the thesis is to describe the ways of inscribing value judgements into audiovisual texts, understood as language behaviour consisting in judging elements of reality according to the good/bad criterion. The author assumes that facts subjected to such appraisals are values or their symbols. Consequently, values are treated as a product of human judgements, a derivative of interpreting reality and distinguishing in it what is prized and desirable. The object of study is animated cartoons, understood for the sake of the investigation as a peculiar audiovisual message of narrative character which is based on creating rather than registering elements of reality and which follows a specific set of visual conventions. The study material is a selection of Polish and Russian cartoons which, historically, belong to two epochs, the socialist and the capitalist one. The analysis is a qualitative one, it is oriented at the global meaning of the message and it accounts for value judgements expressed on various levels of text and with diverse degree of explicitness. It is assumed that appraisal strategies result from the cartoon’s ludic and educational function and are also dependent on the society’s expectations. The thesis is composed of three parts. The first one is devoted to the notions of value and value judgement. It presents main tenets formulated in this respect in sociology, philosophy and linguistics. Appraisal of values is discussed in relation to concepts such as linguistic image of the world, categorisation, stereotype, connotations, as well as to phenomena characteristic of language use in the media. In the second part, axiology is discussed in relation to film conventions, contemporary pedagogical expectations, as well as to common beliefs about the educational function of animated cartoons aimed at children. The third part presents the language material against the background of a particular film’s plot and with respect to visual signs, in such a way as to describe the interrelation between the way and the means of expressing value judgements. The description of verbal utterances in films encompasses dialogues, narrator’s utterances and songs - types of elements with varied potential for conveying axiological meanings. Much space is devoted to analysing the dialogues. It is the most complex part of the analysis in view of their interactive and situational character. Cues in dialogues are discussed with reference to the communicative situation, understood twofold: as a specific situation in the story, and as communicating certain pedagogical meanings to the young audience by means of a cartoon. The analysis is oriented at determining a hierarchy of means of appraisal when conveying the main message of the film. Value judgements are analysed for the level of openness, for (un)ambiguity and for coherence. Coherence of the appraisals is considered in relation to the visual layer as well as on the level of utterance itself - it encompasses the issue of motivation, interpretation of appraisals from various points of view, as well as value conflicts. Final conclusions indicate the decisive role of indirect value judgements as a means of persuasion. They also point to the dramaturgical function of those value judgements which are characterised by a high level of explicitness, affectivity and expressiveness. The conclusion on particular aspects taken together make it possible to reconstruct a contemporary model of children’s animated cartoon as well as a hierarchy of values typical of it.
Appears in Collections:Rozprawy doktorskie (W.Hum.)

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