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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12128/7005
Title: Historical and contemporary forest ecosystem changes in the Beskid Mountains (southern Poland) between 1848 and 2014
Authors: Sobala, Michał
Rahmonov, Oimahmad
Myga-Piątek, Urszula
Keywords: Landscape Research; Forest Transformation; Land Use Changes; Historical maps; Poland; Beskid Mountains; Carpathians
Issue Date: 2017
Citation: iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry, vol. 10 (2017), pp. 939-947
Abstract: Landscape changes in the Carpathians are related to centuries of human activity, which can be regarded as the key component of global change. Changes in mountainous regions are mainly caused by agriculture, urbanization, forest cutting for production and land abandonment. This paper aimed to assess the impact of natural and historical-cultural factors on forest ecosystem transformations occurred in the period 1848-2014 in two small areas (about 45 km2) on the Beskid Mountains (southern Poland). The comparison of historical and current maps, along with the application of GIS and field verification, allowed a full interpretation of changes in land use in the studied areas. A decrease of 58.0% in non-forest areas was observed in the considered period, while the forested area grew systematically by 28.3% and the forest-field boundary lowered in altitude. Current forest ecosystems are distributed as a mosaic and mainly consist of Dentario glandulosae-Fagetum, Luzulo nemorosae-Fagetum, Abieti-Piceetum montanum, with logged sites taking up large areas. Forest ecosystems include valuable semi-natural meadows such as Gladiolo-Agrostietum, Hieracio-Nardetum, Arrhenatheretum medioeuropaeum, Cirsietum rivularis or Juncetum effusi, whose extension is reducing and fragmentation increasing due to the recolonization of forest tree species after abandonment. We concluded that trends in land use in the Carpathians were mainly determined by non-environmental factors related to the development of farmingpasturing and forest management. The applied approach could be extended to other regions in the Carpathians which were subject to analogous historicalcultural influences. Moreover, our results allow for a comparison with other regions which are subject to similar impacts of natural processes, but to different impact of historical and cultural processes.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12128/7005
DOI: 10.3832/ifor2418-010
ISSN: 1971-7458
Appears in Collections:Artykuły (WNP)

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