Śląskie Studia Historyczno-Teologiczne, Vol. 51, z. 1 (2018), s. 89-99
Michael Barnes is a British Jesuit and one of the
theologians focused on the contemporary theology
of religion. His theology of dialogue is an attempt
to reflect upon a Christian understanding of the
religious pluralism commonly experienced today.
As an inclusivist, he distances himself from the
views of John Hick and other pluralist theologians.
Drawing upon Karl Rahner’s concept of “anonymous
Christians”, Barnes develops it further using
Emmanuel Levinas’ philosophy of dialogue. The
Jesuit uses its assumptions in order to interpret the
documents of the Second Vatican Council and to
point out the ethical aspect of interreligious dialogue.
For Michael Barnes, a dialogue with the
representatives of other religions is a condition for
discovering one’s own identity and for recognizing
divine activity in the world.