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Title: Determination of Destress Blasting Effectiveness Using Seismic Source Parameters
Authors: Wojtecki, Łukasz
Mendecki, Maciej J.
Zuberek, Wacław M.
Keywords: Active rockburst prevention; Destress blasting; Seismic source parameters
Issue Date: 2017
Citation: Rock Mechanics and Rock Engineering, Vol. 50 (2017), s. 3233-3244
Abstract: Underground mining of coal seams in the Upper Silesian Coal Basin is currently performed under difficult geological and mining conditions. The mining depth, dislocations (faults and folds) and mining remnants are responsible for rockburst hazard in the highest degree. This hazard can be minimized by using active rockburst prevention, where destress blastings play an important role. Destress blastings in coal seams aim to destress the local stress concentrations. These blastings are usually performed from the longwall face to decrease the stress level ahead of the longwall. An accurate estimation of active rockburst prevention effectiveness is important during mining under disadvantageous geological and mining conditions, which affect the risk of rockburst. Seismic source parameters characterize the focus of tremor, which may be useful in estimating the destress blasting effects. Investigated destress blastings were performed in coal seam no. 507 during its longwall mining in one of the coal mines in the Upper Silesian Coal Basin under difficult geological and mining conditions. The seismic source parameters of the provoked tremors were calculated. The presented preliminary investigations enable a rapid estimation of the destress blasting effectiveness using seismic source parameters, but further analysis in other geological and mining conditions with other blasting parameters is required.
DOI: 10.1007/s00603-017-1297-9
ISSN: 1434-453X
Appears in Collections:Artykuły (WNP)

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