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Title: Exploring the degradation of ibuprofen by bacillus thuringiensis B1(2015b) : the new pathway and factors affecting degradation
Authors: Marchlewicz, Ariel
Guzik, Urszula
Smułek, Wojciech
Wojcieszyńska, Danuta
Keywords: biodegradation; Bacillus; ibuprofen; enzymes; hydroxyibuprofen
Issue Date: 2017
Citation: Molecules (Basel), 2017, iss. 10, art. no 1676
Abstract: Ibuprofen is one of the most often detected pollutants in the environment, particularly at landfill sites and in wastewaters. Contamination with pharmaceuticals is often accompanied by the presence of other compounds which may influence their degradation. This work describes the new degradation pathway of ibuprofen by Bacillus thuringiensis B1(2015b), focusing on enzymes engaged in this process. It is known that the key intermediate which transformation limits the velocity of the degradation process is hydroxyibuprofen. As the degradation rate also depends on various factors, the influence of selected heavy metals and aromatic compounds on ibuprofen degradation by the B1(2015b) strain was examined. Based on the values of non-observed effect concentration (NOEC) it was found that the toxicity of tested metals increases from Hg(II) < Cu(II) < Cd(II) < Co(II) < Cr(VI). Despite the toxic effect of metals, the biodegradation of ibuprofen was observed. The addition of Co2+ ions into the medium significantly extended the time necessary for the complete removal of ibuprofen. It was shown that Bacillus thuringiensis B1(2015b) was able to degrade ibuprofen in the presence of phenol, benzoate, and 2-chlorophenol. Moreover, along with the removal of ibuprofen, degradation of phenol and benzoate was observed. Introduction of 4-chlorophenol into the culture completely inhibits degradation of ibuprofen.
DOI: 10.3390/molecules22101676
ISSN: 1420-3049
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