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Title: Biominerals and waxes of Calamagrostis epigejos and Phragmites australis leaves from post-industrial habitats
Authors: Talik, Ewa
Guzik, Adam
Małkowski, Eugeniusz
Woźniak, Gabriela
Sierka, Edyta
Keywords: Calamagrostis epigejos; Phragmites australis; Biomineralization; Calciumcarbonate; Calciumoxalate; Phytoliths; Mineralized plant waxes
Issue Date: 2018
Citation: Protoplasma, Vol. 255, iss. 3 (2018), s. 773-784
Abstract: Vascular plants are able to conduct biomineralization processes and collect synthesized compounds in their internal tissues or to deposit them on their epidermal surfaces. This mechanism protects the plant from fluctuations of nutrient levels caused by different levels of supply and demand for them. The biominerals reflect both the metabolic characteristics of a vascular plant species and the environmental conditions of the plant habitat. The SEM/EDX method was used to examine the surface and cross-sections of the Calamagrostis epigejos and Phragmites australis leaves from post-industrial habitats (coal and zinc spoil heaps). The results from this study have showed the presence of mineral objects on the surfaces of leaves of both grass species. The calcium oxalate crystals, amorphous calcium carbonate spheres, and different silica forms were also found in the inner tissues. The high variety of mineral forms in the individual plants of both species was shown. The waxes observed on the leaves of the studied plants might be the initializing factor for the crystalline forms and structures that are present. For the first time, wide range of crystal forms is presented for C. epigejos. The leaf samples of P. australis from the post-industrial areas showed an increased amount of mineral forms with the presence of sulfur.
DOI: 10.1007/s00709-017-1179-8
ISSN: 0033-183X
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