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Title: Spherules associated with the Cretaceous Paleogene boundary in Poland
Authors: Brachaniec, Tomasz
Karwowski, Łukasz
Szopa, Krzysztof
Keywords: Cretaceous-Paleogene boundary; impact origin; microkrystites; Ni-rich spinels; Poland; smectite; spherule
Issue Date: 2014
Citation: Acta Geologica Polonica, Vol. 64, no. 1, (2014), s. 99-108
Abstract: The succession of the Lechowka section near Chefm in south-eastern Poland presents the first complete record of the Cretaceous-Paleogene (K-Pg) boundary in Poland. Samples of the boundary clay were examined for mi-crotektites and shocked minerals to confirm the impact origin of the sediment. The spheroidal fraction reveals morphological and mineralogical features, e.g., spherules, similar to material from the K-Pg boundary as described from elsewhere. The impact genesis of the spherules is confirmed by the presence of nickel-rich spinel grains on their surfaces. The spinels are considered to be primary microlites and, thus, the spherules at Lechowka can be classified as microkrystites. No shocked minerals were noted. The deposits with spherules comprise Aland Mg-rich smectite (Cheto smectite). This almost pure Mg-rich smectite, forming up to 100% of the clay fraction, derived from the weathering of the impact glass. It is proposed that the spherules isolated from the Creta-ceous-Paleogene boundary clay at Lechowka come from the Chicxulub crater in Mexico.
DOI: 10.2478/agp-2014-0004
ISSN: 0001-5709
Appears in Collections:Artykuły (WNP)

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