Polish Psychological Bulletin, 2014, nr 2, s. 223-239
The study examines the associations of emotion understanding, interpersonal competencies, loneliness and
correlated variables (perceived social support, quality of social networks). Two conceptual models of relations were tested.
In the first model it was hypothesized that interpersonal competencies mediate relations between emotion understanding
and loneliness, perceived social support and quality of social networks. In the second model emotion understanding was
tested as a moderator of relationships between interpersonal competencies and loneliness, perceived social support and
quality of social networks. Study 1 (n = 221) provided only a weak confirmation of the mediatory model, restricted to
men. Study 2 (n = 206), employing different measures of emotion understanding and loneliness, confirmed weakly both
the mediatory and moderatory models. In both studies a direct negative correlation between emotion understanding and
loneliness was not confirmed.