place attachment; satisfaction with life; Silesian Province in Poland
Polish Psychological Bulletin, 2016, nr 1, s. 159-169
The topic of the article concerns the issue of place attachment and its determinants. An analysis of place
attachment was performed in terms of place identity and place dependence (Williams, Vaske, 2003). Moreover, links
between place attachment and selected geographical (size and type of place, geographical region), demographic (age,
sex) and psychological (satisfaction with life) variables were investigated.
The study group included 759 respondents: 398 women and 361 men, aged 18–83 years, residing in 74 places in the
Silesian Province, a region in Poland: in 10 sub-regions in the Upper Silesian conurbation and outside the conurbation.
The study used the Place Attachment Scale (Williams, Vaske, 2003), the Satisfaction with Life Scale (Diener, Emmons,
Larsen, Griffin, 1985) and a personal information section containing questions regarding place of permanent residence,
sex and age.
Results showed that subjects residing in smaller and non-industrial places had a stronger place attachment than those
residing in larger and industrial cities. People living outside the Upper Silesian conurbation were more strongly attached
to their place of residence in terms of place identity than those residing in the Upper Silesian conurbation. People living
in the Zagłębie (industrial) sub-region were more strongly attached in terms of place dependence than those residing in
the Bytom sub-region (devastated with high unemployment). Satisfaction with life was positively correlated with place
attachment. Older subjects were more strongly attached to their place of residence. Men and women did not differ in the
sense of place attachment and life satisfaction.