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Title: Dry and Humid Periods Reconstructed from Tree Rings in the Former Territory of Sogdiana (Central Asia) and Their Socio-economic Consequences over the Last Millennium
Authors: Opała-Owczarek, Magdalena
Owczarek, Piotr
Keywords: Arid Central Asia; Silk road; Precipitation reconstruction; Dendroclimatology; Social growth and decline
Issue Date: 2019
Publisher: Springer, Cham
Citation: Yang L., Bork HR., Fang X., Mischke S. (eds.), “Socio-Environmental Dynamics along the Historical Silk Road” (S. 195-214). Springer, Cham
Abstract: One of the richest societies along the Silk Road developed in Sogdiana, located in present-day Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, and Kyrgyzstan. This urban civilisation reached its greatest prosperity during the golden age of the Silk Road (sixth to ninth century ce). Rapid political and economic changes, accelerated by climatic variations, were observed during last millennium in this region. The newly developed tree-ring-based reconstruction of precipitation for the pastmillennium revealed a series of dry and wet stages. During the Medieval Climate Anomaly (MCA), two dry periods occurred (900–1000 and 1200–1250), interrupted by a phase of wetter conditions. Distinct dry periods occurred around 1510–1650, 1750–1850, and 1920–1970, respectively. The juniper tree-ring record of moisture changes revealed that major dry and pluvial episodes were consistent with those indicated by hydroclimatic proxy data from adjacent areas. These climate fluctuations have had longand short term consequences for human history in the territory of former Sogdiana.
DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-00728-7_9
ISBN: 978-3-030-00727-0
Appears in Collections:Artykuły (WNP)

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