Klasztor Paulinów na Jasnej Górze; Napad 1430 r.
Średniowiecze Polskie i Powszechne, T. 1 (2009), s. 152-176
Thanks to the usage of court sources the knowledge on the invasions on the Pauline
monastery in Częstochowa in 1430 based so far on the tradition of Jan Długosz and mentions
in contemporary letters has increased. Apart from Jakub Nadobny from Rogów and Jan Kuropatwa
from Łańcuchów, yet another participant of this escapade, namely Rogala Wyszel from
Kozolin, a knight from Mazowsze serving the duke Swidrygiełło was presented. The court
sources not only confirmed the events presented by Jan Długosz, but, above all, specified its
transmission, revealing many details that have not been published so far. It turned out that the
invaders were good acquaintances who experienced financial problems and hoped to solve
them having robbed defenseless monks. Most probably, the participation in diplomatic missions
to Hussites and Zygmunt Korybutowicz brought together the three characters with Fryderyk
Ostrogski. On 27 March two of them (Jakub Nadobny and Jan Kuropatwa) were in
Kraków and on 16 April, making use of Hussites’ war actions and fights for Bytom, together
with Rogala from Kozolin and Fryderyk Ostrogski invaded the monastery. The case came into
light very fast because it was not possible to put the blame on Hussites. The king, despite
a guarantee by 9 Polish men who belonged to the relative-neighbour circle of the accused,
ordered to imprison the remaining ones on 26 May 1430. Jan Kuropatwa and Jakub Nadobny
before 19 July 1430 were already in the tower of the castle in Kraków. They were probably
released before the king left for Lithuania, at the end of August or in September 1430.
Receiving forgiveness from Jagiełło, some of them, as, for instance, Jan Kuropatwa, probably
before the Łuck Excursion on July 1431 returned to the royal service. Rogala from Kozolin
was delivered to Świdrygiełło or dukes from Mazowsze he came under because he possessed
goods in their territories and soon was pardoned.