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Tytuł: Nieznane fakty dotyczące napadu na klasztor Paulinów w Częstochowie w 1430 roku
Autor: Sperka, Jerzy
Słowa kluczowe: Klasztor Paulinów na Jasnej Górze; Napad 1430 r.
Data wydania: 2009
Źródło: Średniowiecze Polskie i Powszechne, T. 1 (2009), s. 152-176
Abstrakt: Thanks to the usage of court sources the knowledge on the invasions on the Pauline monastery in Częstochowa in 1430 based so far on the tradition of Jan Długosz and mentions in contemporary letters has increased. Apart from Jakub Nadobny from Rogów and Jan Kuropatwa from Łańcuchów, yet another participant of this escapade, namely Rogala Wyszel from Kozolin, a knight from Mazowsze serving the duke Swidrygiełło was presented. The court sources not only confirmed the events presented by Jan Długosz, but, above all, specified its transmission, revealing many details that have not been published so far. It turned out that the invaders were good acquaintances who experienced financial problems and hoped to solve them having robbed defenseless monks. Most probably, the participation in diplomatic missions to Hussites and Zygmunt Korybutowicz brought together the three characters with Fryderyk Ostrogski. On 27 March two of them (Jakub Nadobny and Jan Kuropatwa) were in Kraków and on 16 April, making use of Hussites’ war actions and fights for Bytom, together with Rogala from Kozolin and Fryderyk Ostrogski invaded the monastery. The case came into light very fast because it was not possible to put the blame on Hussites. The king, despite a guarantee by 9 Polish men who belonged to the relative-neighbour circle of the accused, ordered to imprison the remaining ones on 26 May 1430. Jan Kuropatwa and Jakub Nadobny before 19 July 1430 were already in the tower of the castle in Kraków. They were probably released before the king left for Lithuania, at the end of August or in September 1430. Receiving forgiveness from Jagiełło, some of them, as, for instance, Jan Kuropatwa, probably before the Łuck Excursion on July 1431 returned to the royal service. Rogala from Kozolin was delivered to Świdrygiełło or dukes from Mazowsze he came under because he possessed goods in their territories and soon was pardoned.
ISSN: 2080-492X
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